Broken twigs emit a spicy wintergreen fragrance and fermented sap is an ingredient in birch beer. The trees are native to cool regions of the Northern Hemisphere and have white, peeling bark. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Although it prefers full sun, the Japanese White Birch thrives in northern and eastern exposures that receivs some afternoon shade. A main requirement is consistently moist soil. This is an important species to the North American lumber industry and a major woodland food source for birds and wildlife. Other common names include swamp birch, glandular birch, dwarf birch, and resin birch. Yellow birch, named for the color of its bark, is a relatively long-lived birch which typically grows 150 years and may even grow up to 300 years in old-growth forests. Primarily native to Alaska, Canada, and northern U.S. states, this tree has lovely white bark and yellow fall color. It is a heartier and longer-lived tree in cooler climates. Other common names: Canoe Birch, Paper Birch French names: Bouleau à papier Family: Birch Family (Betulaceae) Group: Birches Distinctive features: Tree Similar species: • European White Birch (Betula pendula) - Branches are "weeping" (hanging down. The trunk is typically about 1 to 2 feet wide. The simple leaves may be toothed or pointed. Paper birch is named for the tree's thin white bark, which often peels in paper like layers from the trunk. The Japanese white birch (B. platyphylla japonica), an 18-metre tree native to eastern Asia, has broad leaves about 7 cm long; its hard, yellow-white wood is used for furniture and woodenware. Cherry birch is a large tree that grows from a single main trunk. Paper birch is so-named due to the thin white bark which often peels in paper-like layers from the trunk. The ornamental interest of Himalayan birch includes pretty spring flowers, rich yellow fall color, and bright white papery bark. It grows as single-trunk tree that gradually transforms from pyramidal in shape to a more rounded, oval crown. The bark is usually bright in colour, from red on very young stems to becoming white/silver with age. It may grow to a height of 15 m on light soils. Birch polypore grows primarily on birch trees, and has no look-alikes. It does not tolerate shade well. Dark green foliage turns a beautiful buttery yellow in the fall. River birch has good resistant to the bronze birch borer. Paper birch (Betula papyrifera) is also known as white birch or canoe birch. The bark is dark red-brown to blackish, and smooth. Many pine and spruce trees have scales of bark, while species like the black birch have thick, irregular plates on their trunks. The white birch is a medium sized tree that can grow up to 25 meters tall. It is found everywhere in Ontario except for along the shore of Hudson Bay. Still, what the author of a mushroom book considers a “look-alike” is often very different than what a novice in the field optimistically hopes is the mushroom that’ll fulfill their quest. As this blog makes clear, it is very pest prone, and since gardeners mostly stopped using strong insecticides, it is very difficult to keep a tree alive for more than a few years. Paper birch, (Betula papyrifera), ornamental, shade, and timber tree of the family...…. Broadleaf trees have flowers that contain the reproductive organs, and … Regionally, the cherry birch may be called by other common names, including black birch, sweet birch, mahogany birch, Virginia roundleaf birch, or spice birch. The white bark is most prominent on silver birch, where it is interspersed with conspicuous black patches. The dwarf birch is rarely planted in landscapes, but it is important cover vegetation in cold northern territories. It is a single-stemmed tree with yellow-bronze bark that peels in narrow horizontal strips. And many are susceptible to damage from insects and diseases. This tree grows best in medium to wet, well-drained, sandy or rocky loam. Paper birch is an easy tree to identify, with its white bark that tears in strips from the trunk. The most abundant poplar, the eastern cottonwood, is more massive than any birch, as this cottonwood can grow to 100 feet and has a spreading canopy. Scopri quale personaggio del cinema rappresenta la tua vera natura di fundraiser. Himalayan Birch (Betula utilis var. Birch trees thrive in moist soil and full sunlight. #4lead This species, also known as Asian white birch, is a medium to large tree with white bark and thin spreading branches that terminate in drooping branchlets. The tree likes Sun to half-shade at the location and the soil should be undemanding. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). It can grow either as a single-trunk tree or in small clumps with multiple trunks. The male and female flowers of birches, called catkins, exist on the same tree. Birch species are generally small to medium-size trees or shrubs, mostly of temperate climates. This birch species is very susceptible to the bronze birch borer and usually requires removal and/or replacement, especially in warmer zones. When planted in residential landscapes, it grows well around bodies of water or in boggy areas. The plant tolerates occasional flooding, alkaline soil, clay soil, and road salt, but it does not tolerate air pollution very well. European white birch is a fast-growing, graceful tree with creamy white bark that peels to … On a white birch, the male catkins often grow in threes and are up to 4 inches long, with the female catkins half as long. Unlike other birch trees, its bark does not peel. The leaves of a white birch are ovate, around 2 to 4 inches long and 1 or 2 inches in width. Most birches are characterized by distinctive bark with papery plates; the appearance of the bark often is the feature that gives the species its common names. Weeping white birch, or silver birch as it is also called, is the European birch, Betula pendula. It also is known as the canoe birch or white birch. Flowering in April and May, the tree produces fruiting catkins from August through October and serves as a food source for deer, moose, rabbits and various birds. They are typically small to medium-sized trees and shrubs found in temperate zones in the Northern Hemisphere. Other common names for this tree include western birch, red birch, river birch, black birch, and western red birch. Birch trees prefer to occupy habitats in cool, moist areas, including peatlands (moors, peatbogs), river banks, and lakeshores. Others are trees that clump with multiple trunks. Vanessa Richins Myers is a seasoned horticulturist, garden writer and educator with 10+ years of experience in the horticulture and gardening space. White birch, any of several species of ornamental and timber trees of the genus Betula, in the family Betulaceae. Furrowed : This bark is the most common type of bark out there, and this is what most people think of when you talk about tree bark. Paper birch (Betula papyrifera), also known by the common names of white birch and canoe birch, and trembling or quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides) are popular landscaping trees across the United States.Both have white bark. Betula papyrifera (paper birch, also known as (American) white birch and canoe birch) is a short-lived species of birch native to northern North America. It is a medium-sized tree with a single trunk that quickly branches out into a pyramid shape. Betula nana is a small dwarf shrub, native to arctic and cool temperate regions, especially tundra landscapes. Most birches are water lovers, which can be great if you have soil that tends to be moist. The bark, on mature trees, develops vertical cracks that form irregular scaly plates, closely resembling the bark of cherry trees. Fraxinus americana, White Ash; Fraxinus pennsylvanica, Green Ash; Fraxinus nigra, Black Ash; Magnolia spp., Magnolias; Quercus alba, White Oak; Quercus macrocarpa, Bur Oak; Quercus nigra, Water Oak; Quercus rubra, Northern Red Oak; Pinus elliottii, Slash Pine; Pinus strobus, Eastern White Pine; Taxodium distichum, Bald Cypress; Ulmus americana, American Elm It will grow in a variety of conditions, though it favors wet but well-drained sites with a rocky, nutrient-poor, acidic soil. The soft, yellowish- or reddish-white wood is commercially important in construction and in the manufacture of vehicles, furniture, and small articles such as spoons and snowshoes. Common Names: Canoe Birch, Silver Birch, Paper Birch Genus: Betula Species: papyrifera Parts Used: leaves, sap, lumber, The White Birch is a small to medium sized deciduous tree which grows to 70 or 80 feet in height. Here are 11 common types of birch trees for your landscape. Water birch typically occurs along streams in mountainous regions, where it grows in dense thickets. It has distinctive salmon-pink to reddish-brown bark that exfoliates to reveal lighter inner bark providing year round interest in the landscape. japonica 'Whitespire', Betula 'Penci-2' - Royal Frost ™, Betula utilis var. Bog birch is a medium-sized, short-lived, clump-forming shrub that thrives in wet sites. Birch is the name of a certain tree of the genus Betula, in the family Betulaceae, closely related to the beech/oak family, Fagaceae. Featuring an elegant, pyramidal habit, it bears ovate, toothed, lime-green leaves, 3 in. These mushrooms, Piptoporus betulinus, are found almost exclusively on birch trees. White Birch. Includes Betula nigra 'BNMTF' Dura Heat™, Betula nigra 'Cully' Heritage™, Betula papyrifera - Paper Birch, Betula pendula 'Dalecarlica' - Cut-leaf Birch, Betula pendula 'Fastigiata', Betula pendula - Silver Birch, Betula platyphylla 'Fargo' Dakota Pinnacle™, Betula platyphylla var. River birch may also be known as red birch, black birch, or water birch. European white birch trees have a slender trunk of perhaps a foot in width and noticeably drooping branches throughout its canopy. It then develops dark grey/black ‘arrows and diamonds’ or horizontal streaks of grey in the case of downy birch. It is a showy tree in the woods with its white bark. By keeping your trees well pruned and free of damaged branches, you can greatly reduce the likelihood of infestation by bronze birch borer or other insects. Paper birch is not a large tree in Iowa and is used primarily for ornamental plantings. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. 3. • Gray Birch (Betula populifolia) - A small tree; only in extreme eastern Ontario. Consequently older trees have a much darker trunk and bark. Leaves: Alternate, Simple, Toothed The cap grows to be between 2 inches and 8 inches in diameter, with a white, tan or gray-brown surface. Birch trees, or Betula trees to use their Latin name, are favoured for their light, airy foliage and beautifully coloured peeling bark. Inspect the bark of all the white birches. And others grow as classic single-trunk trees. The various species of birch trees in the Betula genus include at least 12 that are important landscape trees. The cut-leaved, purple-leaved, and weeping birches are popular ornamental varieties of European white birch. Trees known as weeping birches generally are different naturally occurring or cultivated varieties of silver birch (Betula pendula), described above. It is found in almost all countries having a temperate climate. The leaves are ovoid and the flowers are yellow. Rainbow of colors Bradley D. Saum / Shutterstock It is found principally in the northeast part of Iowa, extending southwestward to Eldora. This tree grows best in medium to wet, well-drained, sandy or rocky loam. Trees that have scaly bark are shagbark hickory, strawberry tree, maple and river birch. Birch Tree. The yellow birch has a bark to it that contains more of a sheen, giving it an elegant feel in a sense. Shiny, red-brown bark and yellow foliage make this an attractive tree for lawns and naturalized areas. Tree Galleries on the left give you information about the specific tree type and lots of great pictures of that tree. Gray birch bark does not come off the tree without much difficulty. The tree derives its name from its nature of easily peeling off, or flaking like a parchment of paper. The beautiful bark and leaves make birches a common choice in landscaping, but they are relatively short-lived trees when compared to other hardwoods. jacquemontii), Japanese White Birch (Betula platyphylla 'Japanica'), Silver Birch (Betula pendula or B. verrucosa), Water Birch (Betula occidentalis or Betula fontinalis), 10 Species of Linden Trees for Your Landscape, 40 Species of Pines From Around the World, 12 Trees With Brilliant Fall Color Plus Other Advantages, 12 Common Species of Willow Trees and Shrubs, 9 Recommended Species of Serviceberry Trees and Shrubs. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. 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